Huntington Ingalls Industries Reports Second Quarter 2020 Results, Provides COVID-19 Update and Updates 2020 Outlook

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  • Revenues were $2.0 billion in the quarter
  • Operating margin was 2.8%
  • Diluted earnings per share was $1.30
  • Cash from operations was $201 million, and free cash flow1 was $126 million
  • Backlog of $46.1 billion

NEWPORT NEWS, Va., Aug. 06, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Huntington Ingalls Industries (NYSE: HII) reported second quarter 2020 revenues of $2.0 billion, down 7.4% from the second quarter of 2019. Operating income in the quarter was $57 million and operating margin was 2.8%, compared to $175 million and 8.0%, respectively, in the second quarter of 2019.

The decreases in the quarter were primarily driven by unfavorable cumulative catch-up adjustments totaling $167 million resulting from updated cost and schedule assumptions across all programs. This includes $61 million resulting from discrete COVID-19 related delay and disruption estimates across all programs, including impacts from lower employee attendance, availability of critical skills, and out-of-sequence work, attributable to, among other things, orders of civil authorities associated with COVID-19 and steps taken to mitigate the effects of COVID-19.

The majority of the unfavorable adjustments were related to Block IV boats of the Virginia-class submarine program, totaling $111 million, for unfavorable cost and schedule performance and updates to our assumptions for future program efficiencies and performance as a result of cost and schedule trends, and includes impacts of COVID-19 delay and disruption totaling $16 million.

Net earnings in the quarter were $53 million, compared to $128 million in the second quarter of 2019. The decrease in net earnings for the quarter was the result of lower operating income, partially offset by a more favorable operating FAS/CAS adjustment and FAS (non-service) pension benefit.

Diluted earnings per share in the quarter was $1.30, compared to $3.07 in the same period of 2019.

Second quarter cash from operations was $201 million and free cash flow1 was $126 million, compared to negative $44 million and negative $135 million, respectively, in the second quarter of 2019.

New contract awards in the quarter were approximately $2.9 billion, bringing total backlog to approximately $46.1 billion as of June 30, 2020.

COVID-19 Update

"We continue to aggressively manage our response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The health and safety of our employees remains paramount as we continue our important work to support the nation’s defense,” said Mike Petters, HII president and CEO. "As we discussed when we provided our first quarter results, staffing at our shipyards has been significantly impacted by the pandemic as we worked to preserve the significant investments in human capital that we have made over the past five years. As a result of the pandemic and our response, hourly production workforce attendance at our shipyards averaged approximately 65% during the second quarter." Petters continued, "The delay and disruption from lower attendance, availability of critical skills, and out-of-sequence work caused by COVID-19 has impacted our ability to complete work as efficiently as initially planned and has added incremental program cost and pushed schedules and milestones to the right, which is incorporated in our results and updated outlook for 2020."

Virginia-class Submarine Program Update

"Our assumptions on Block IV of the Virginia-class submarine program called for boat-to-boat cost and schedule improvements as we worked down the learning curve," said Petters. "As we conducted our regular quarterly program status reviews, it became clear that performance trends, exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic environment, now make those improvements less likely to occur. As a result, we are resetting our risk registers to reflect the performance trends we experienced in the quarter, including the impacts of COVID-19."

In the quarter, the $111 million unfavorable cumulative catch-up adjustments on the Block IV boats of the Virginia-class submarine program included $95 million for cost and schedule performance and updates to our assumptions for future program efficiencies and performance as a result of cost and schedule trends, as well as $16 million from delay and disruption directly attributable to COVID-19.

“There is no doubt that this quarter was challenging,” said Petters. “However, when I look at the leadership team we have in place, the workforce we have hired, trained and certified over the past few years and the record backlog of work we have in front of us, I am very excited about the future of the shipbuilding business.”

Updated Financial Outlook

“We have revised our 2020 outlook for updated cost and schedule assumptions across our programs,” said Chris Kastner, HII chief financial officer. "Regarding COVID-19, we have assumed limited relief for costs directly related to our pandemic response but have made no assumption for equitable adjustments for the delay and disruption caused by COVID-19. Our guidance also assumes an orderly recovery to normalized attendance levels at both shipyards."

  • Expect shipbuilding revenue between $7.6 and $7.9 billion; shipbuilding operating margin1 between 5.5% and 6.5%
  • Expect Technical Solutions revenue between $1.2 and $1.25 billion and operating margin between 2.0% and 2.4%
    °  Assumes San Diego Shipyard closing occurs in Q3 2020, and UPI closing occurs in Q4 2020
  • Expect 2020 free cash flow1 in excess of $500 million

1Non-GAAP measure. See Exhibit B for definition and reconciliation

Results of Operations

  Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended    
  June 30     June 30    
($ in millions, except per share amounts) 2020 2019 $ Change % Change 2020 2019 $ Change % Change
Sales and service revenues $ 2,027   $ 2,188   $ (161 ) (7.4 )%   $ 4,290   $ 4,268   $ 22   0.5 %
Operating income 57   175   (118 ) (67.4 )%   272   336   (64 ) (19.0 )%
Operating margin % 2.8 % 8.0 %   (519) bps   6.3 % 7.9 %   (153) bps
Segment operating income (loss)1 (5 ) 138   (143 ) (103.6 )%   151   267   (116 ) (43.4 )%
Segment operating margin %1 (0.2 )% 6.3 %   (655) bps   3.5 % 6.3 %   (274) bps
Net earnings 53   128   (75 ) (58.6 )%   225   246   (21 ) (8.5 )%
Diluted earnings per share $ 1.30   $ 3.07   $ (1.77 ) (57.7 )%   $ 5.54   $ 5.91   $ (0.37 ) (6.3 )%
                 
Pension Adjusted Figures                
Net earnings2 (20 ) 97   (117 ) (120.6 )%   78   186   (108 ) (58.1 )%
Diluted earnings per share2 $ (0.49 ) $ 2.33   $ (2.82 ) (121.0 )%   $ 1.92   $ 4.47   $ (2.55 ) (57.0 )%
1 Non-GAAP measures that exclude non-segment factors affecting operating income. See Exhibit B for definitions and reconciliations.
2 Non-GAAP measures that exclude the impacts of the FAS/CAS Adjustment. See Exhibit B for reconciliation.
 

Segment Operating Results

Ingalls Shipbuilding

  Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended    
  June 30     June 30    
($ in millions) 2020 2019 $ Change % Change 2020 2019 $ Change % Change
Revenues $ 622   $ 622   $   %   $ 1,251   $ 1,206   $ 45   3.7 %
Segment operating income1 55   69   (14 ) (20.3 )%   123   115   8   7.0 %
Segment operating margin %1 8.8 % 11.1 %   (225) bps   9.8 % 9.5 %   30 bps
1 Non-GAAP measures. See Exhibit B for definitions and reconciliations.
 

Ingalls Shipbuilding revenues for the second quarter of 2020 were $622 million, flat from the same period in 2019, driven by higher revenues on the Legend-class National Security Cutter (NSC) program, the San Antonio-class LPD program and the America-class LHA program, offset by lower revenues on the Arleigh Burke-class DDG program. Higher NSC program revenues were primarily due to higher volumes on Calhoun (NSC 10) and Friedman (NSC 11), partially offset by lower volume on Midgett (NSC 8). Higher LPD and LHA program revenues were primarily due to higher volumes on Harrisburg (LPD 30), Richard M. McCool Jr. (LPD 29), and LHA 9 (unnamed), partially offset by lower volumes on Tripoli (LHA 7) and Bougainville (LHA 8). Lower DDG program revenues were primarily due to lower volumes on USS Fitzgerald (DDG 62) restoration and modernization, Jack H. Lucas (DDG 125), and Frank E. Petersen Jr. (DDG 121), partially offset by higher volumes on Ted Stevens (DDG 128), Delbert D. Black (DDG 119), and Sam Nunn (DDG 133).

Ingalls Shipbuilding segment operating income for the second quarter was $55 million, a decrease of $14 million from the same period last year. Segment operating margin in the quarter was 8.8%, compared to 11.1% in the same period last year. The decrease was primarily driven by unfavorable adjustments, including delay and disruption from COVID-19 and lower risk retirement on the Legend-class NSC program, partially offset by higher risk retirement on Delbert D. Black (DDG 119) in connection with its delivery and a capital expenditure contract incentive.

Key Ingalls Shipbuilding milestones for the quarter:

  • Delivered guided missile destroyer Delbert D. Black (DDG 119) to the U.S. Navy
  • Redelivered USS Fitzgerald (DDG 62) after completion of restoration and modernization
  • Awarded a $1.5 billion contract for the construction of amphibious transport dock LPD 31
  • Awarded a $936 million contract for the construction of an additional Arleigh Burke-class (DDG 51) Flight III destroyer
  • Awarded advance procurement contracts for amphibious assault ship LHA 9 totaling $332 million
  • Awarded LCS planning yard contract worth a potential $108 million

Newport News Shipbuilding

  Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended    
  June 30     June 30    
($ in millions) 2020 2019 $ Change % Change 2020 2019 $ Change % Change
Revenues $ 1,122   $ 1,279   $ (157 ) (12.3 )%   $ 2,463   $ 2,558   $ (95 ) (3.7 )%
Segment operating income (loss)1 (69 ) 71   (140 ) (197.2 )%   26   152   (126 ) (82.9 )%
Segment operating margin %1 (6.1 )% 5.6 %   (1170) bps   1.1 % 5.9 %   (489) bps
1 Non-GAAP measures. See Exhibit B for definitions and reconciliations.
 

Newport News Shipbuilding revenues for the second quarter of 2020 were $1.1 billion, a decrease of $157 million, or 12.3%, from the same period in 2019, driven by lower revenues in aircraft carriers and submarine construction, partially offset by higher revenues in submarine and carrier fleet support services. Aircraft carrier revenues decreased primarily as a result of lower volumes on the refueling and complex overhaul (RCOH) of USS George Washington (CVN 73), USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN 78), and Kennedy (CVN 79), partially offset by higher volumes on the advance planning contract for the RCOH of USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74) and Enterprise (CVN 80). Submarine revenues decreased primarily as a result of lower volumes on the Virginia-class submarine program, partially offset by higher volume on the Columbia-class submarine program. The lower volume on the Virginia-class submarine program was due to lower volumes on Block IV and Block III boats, partially offset by higher volumes on Block V boats.

Newport News Shipbuilding segment operating loss for the second quarter was $69 million, compared to operating income of $71 million from the same period last year. Segment operating margin was (6.1)% for the quarter, compared to 5.6% in the same period last year. These decreases were primarily due to unfavorable cumulative catch-up adjustments on Block IV boats of the Virginia-class submarine program for unfavorable cost and schedule performance and updates to our assumptions for future program efficiencies and performance as a result of cost and schedule trends, as well as the impact of discrete COVID-19 delay and disruption.

Key Newport News Shipbuilding milestones for the quarter:

  • John F. Kennedy (CVN 79) is approximately 74% complete
  • The RCOH of USS George Washington (CVN 73) is approximately 78% complete

Technical Solutions

  Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended    
  June 30     June 30    
($ in millions) 2020 2019 $ Change % Change 2020 2019 $ Change % Change
Revenues $ 320   $ 321   $ (1 ) (0.3 )%   $ 637   $ 561   76   13.5 %
Segment operating income (loss)1 9   (2 ) $ 11   550.0 %   2     2   %
Segment operating margin %1 2.8 % (0.6 )%   344 bps   0.3 % —  %   31 bps
1 Non-GAAP measures. See Exhibit B for definitions and reconciliations.        
         

Technical Solutions revenues for the second quarter of 2020 were $320 million, a decrease of $1 million from the same period in 2019, primarily driven by lower mission driven innovative solutions (MDIS), fleet support and nuclear and environmental services revenues, partially offset by the acquisition of Hydroid in 2020 and higher revenues on oil and gas services.

Technical Solutions segment operating income for the second quarter was $9 million, compared to segment operating loss of $2 million in second quarter 2019. The increase was primarily driven by the loss on a fleet support contract in the prior year period.

Key Technical Solutions milestones for the quarter:

  • Awarded a contract to provide analytical support services to the U.S. Special Operations Command’s Intelligence Directorate
  • One of five companies awarded an indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity contract with the U.S. Postal Service Office of Inspector General to provide support services to the Office of the Chief Information Officer

2020 Outlook

The financial outlook, expectations and other forward looking statements provided by the company for 2020 and beyond, reflect the company's judgment based on the information available at the time of this release.

The COVID-19 global pandemic has had wide ranging effects on the global health environment and disrupted the global and U.S. economies and financial markets, including impacts to our employees, customers, suppliers, and communities. The pandemic is also impacting our operations, and the full impacts of COVID-19 on our fiscal year 2020 financial results and beyond are uncertain. We believe that the most significant elements of uncertainty are the intensity and duration of the impact on our employees’ ability to work effectively, disruption in our supply chain, disruption of the U.S. Government's and our other customers' abilities to perform their obligations, and impact on pension assets and other investment performance.

We have incurred and expect to continue incurring costs related to our COVID-19 response, including paid leave, quarantining employees and recurring facility cleaning. While our shipyards and other facilities remain open and productive, we have experienced a decrease in workforce attendance, which has impacted our operations with delay and disruption from availability of critical skills and out-of-sequence work. Continued lower staffing levels and lower employee productivity could impact our ability to achieve anticipated milestones and further affect our 2020 financial results and beyond.

Our employees, suppliers, customers, and communities are facing significant challenges, and we cannot predict how the COVID-19 environment will evolve or the impact it will have. For further information on the potential impact of COVID-19 to the company, see “Risk Factors” in our second quarter Form 10-Q.

    2020 Prior
Outlook
(May 2020)
2020 Revised
Outlook

 (Aug. 2020)
Shipbuilding Revenue1   Lower end of 3% to
5% YoY Growth
$7.6B - $7.9B
Shipbuilding Operating Margin1   9% 5.5% - 6.5%
Technical Solutions Revenue2
Technical Solutions Revenue (Ex. UPI & SDSY)
  N/A
~$1B
$1.2B - $1.25B
$0.9B - $1.0B
Technical Solutions Operating Margin2
Technical Solutions Operating Margin (Ex. UPI & SDSY)
  N/A
N/A
2.0% - 2.4%
2.8% - 3.2%
Technical Solutions EBITDA Margin1,2
Technical Solutions EBITDA Margin (Ex. UPI & SDSY)1
  N/A
7 - 9%
5.7% - 6.0%
7.7% - 8.0%
       
Operating FAS/CAS Adjustment   $247M $247M
Non-current State Income Tax Expense   $4M $10M
Interest Expense3   $104M $106M
Non-operating Retirement Benefit   $120M $120M
Effective Tax Rate   ~21% ~21%
       
Depreciation & Amortization   ~$250M ~$250M
Capital Expenditures   4-5% of Sales ~5% of Sales
Free Cash Flow1   >$500M >$500M

1 Non-GAAP measures. See Exhibit B for definition.
2 Includes results from San Diego Shipyard through August 2020 and includes results from Universal Pegasus International through Dec. 2020.
3 Includes a $15M call premium for 5.0% senior notes due 2025, with first call date in November 2020.

About Huntington Ingalls Industries

Huntington Ingalls Industries is America’s largest military shipbuilding company and a provider of professional services to partners in government and industry. For more than a century, HII’s Newport News and Ingalls shipbuilding divisions in Virginia and Mississippi have built more ships in more ship classes than any other U.S. naval shipbuilder. HII’s Technical Solutions division supports national security missions around the globe with unmanned systems, defense and federal solutions, and nuclear and environmental services. Headquartered in Newport News, Virginia, HII employs more than 42,000 people operating both domestically and internationally. For more information, please visit www.huntingtoningalls.com.

Conference Call Information

Huntington Ingalls Industries will webcast its earnings conference call at 9 a.m. Eastern time today. A live audio broadcast of the conference call and supplemental presentation will be available on the investor relations page of the company’s website: www.huntingtoningalls.com. A telephone replay of the conference call will be available from noon today through Wednesday, August 12 by calling toll-free (855) 859-2056 or (404) 537-3406 and using conference ID 8565843.

Forward-Looking Statements

Statements in this release, other than statements of historical fact, constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed in these statements. Factors that may cause such differences include: changes in government and customer priorities and requirements (including government budgetary constraints, shifts in defense spending, and changes in customer short-range and long-range plans); our ability to estimate our future contract costs and perform our contracts effectively; changes in procurement processes and government regulations and our ability to comply with such requirements; our ability to deliver our products and services at an affordable life cycle cost and compete within our markets; natural and environmental disasters and political instability; our ability to execute our strategic plan, including with respect to share repurchases, dividends, capital expenditures and strategic acquisitions; adverse economic conditions in the United States and globally; health epidemics, pandemics and similar outbreaks, including the COVID-19 pandemic; changes in key estimates and assumptions regarding our pension and retiree health care costs; security threats, including cyber security threats, and related disruptions; and other risk factors discussed in our filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. There may be other risks and uncertainties that we are unable to predict at this time or that we currently do not expect to have a material adverse effect on our business, and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements. You should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements that we may make. This release also contains non-GAAP financial measures and includes a GAAP reconciliation of these financial measures. Non-GAAP financial measures should not be construed as being more important than comparable GAAP measures.


Exhibit A: Financial Statements

HUNTINGTON INGALLS INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

    Three Months Ended
June 30
  Six Months Ended
June 30
(in millions, except per share amounts)   2020   2019   2020   2019
Sales and service revenues                
Product sales   $ 1,420     $ 1,520     $ 3,044     $ 3,010  
Service revenues   607     668     1,246     1,258  
Sales and service revenues   2,027     2,188     4,290     4,268  
Cost of sales and service revenues                
Cost of product sales   1,253     1,250     2,543     2,508  
Cost of service revenues   510     584     1,060     1,078  
Income from operating investments, net   7     5     13     9  
General and administrative expenses   214     184     428     355  
Operating income   57     175     272     336  
Other income (expense)                
Interest expense   (2 )   (18 )   (41 )   (34 )
Non-operating retirement benefit   30     2     60     5  
Other, net   3     5     (10 )   6  
Earnings before income taxes   65     164     281     313  
Federal and foreign income taxes   12     36     56     67  
Net earnings   $ 53     $ 128     $ 225     $ 246  
                 
Basic earnings per share   $ 1.30     $ 3.07     $ 5.54     $ 5.91  
Weighted-average common shares outstanding   40.7     41.7     40.6     41.6  
                 
Diluted earnings per share   $ 1.30     $ 3.07     $ 5.54     $ 5.91  
Weighted-average diluted shares outstanding   40.7     41.7     40.6     41.6  
                 
Dividends declared per share   $ 1.03     $ 0.86     $ 2.06     $ 1.72  
                 
Net earnings from above   $ 53     $ 128     $ 225     $ 246  
Other comprehensive income                
Change in unamortized benefit plan costs   23     24     46     49  
Other   1         (1 )    
Tax expense for items of other comprehensive income   (6 )   (6 )   (12 )   (12 )
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax   18     18     33     37  
Comprehensive income   $ 71     $ 146     $ 258     $ 283  
                                 

HUNTINGTON INGALLS INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION

($ in millions)   June 30,
2020
  December 31,
2019
Assets        
Current Assets        
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 631     $ 75  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $1 million as of 2020 and $3 million as of 2019   494     318  
Contract assets   1,134     989  
Inventoried costs, net   160     136  
Income taxes receivable   104     148  
Assets held for sale   173     95  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   43     24  
Total current assets   2,739     1,785  
Property, plant, and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $1,975 million as of 2020 and $1,961 million as of 2019   2,879     2,832  
Other Assets        
Operating lease assets   174     201  
Goodwill   1,576     1,373  
Other intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $625 million as of 2020 and $599 million as of 2019   542     492  
Deferred tax assets   78     108  
Miscellaneous other assets   245     240  
Total assets   $ 8,233     $ 7,031  
                 

HUNTINGTON INGALLS INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION (continued)

($ in millions)   June 30,
2020
  December 31,
2019
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity        
Current Liabilities        
Trade accounts payable   $ 437     $ 497  
Accrued employees’ compensation   301     265  
Current portion of postretirement plan liabilities   130     130  
Current portion of workers’ compensation liabilities   230     225  
Contract liabilities   573     373  
Liabilities held for sale   93     77  
Other current liabilities   350     323  
Total current liabilities   2,114     1,890  
Long-term debt   2,276     1,286  
Pension plan liabilities   882     975  
Other postretirement plan liabilities   376     380  
Workers’ compensation liabilities   464     457  
Long-term operating lease liabilities   147     164  
Other long-term liabilities   296     291  
Total liabilities   6,555     5,443  
Commitments and Contingencies        
Stockholders’ Equity        
Common stock, $0.01 par value; 150 million shares authorized; 53.3 million shares issued and 40.5 million shares outstanding as of June 30, 2020, and 53.2 million shares issued and 40.8 million shares outstanding as of December 31, 2019   1     1  
Additional paid-in capital   1,961     1,961  
Retained earnings   3,150     3,009  
Treasury stock   (2,058 )   (1,974 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (1,376 )   (1,409 )
Total stockholders’ equity   1,678     1,588  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity   $ 8,233     $ 7,031  
                 

HUNTINGTON INGALLS INDUSTRIES, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

    Six Months Ended
June 30
($ in millions)   2020   2019
Operating Activities        
Net earnings   $ 225     $ 246  
Adjustments to reconcile to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities        
Depreciation   92     83  
Amortization of purchased intangibles   26     23  
Amortization of debt issuance costs   3     1  
Provision for doubtful accounts   6     (2 )
Stock-based compensation   13     12  
Deferred income taxes   21     30  
Loss (gain) on investments in marketable securities   5     (4 )
Change in        
Accounts receivable   (167 )   (301 )
Contract assets   (63 )   (238 )
Inventoried costs   (13 )   (1 )
Prepaid expenses and other assets   (4 )   (39 )
Accounts payable and accruals   172     107  
Retiree benefits   (50 )   46  
Other non-cash transactions, net   3     4  
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities   269     (33 )
Investing Activities        
Capital expenditures        
Capital expenditure additions   (150 )   (234 )
Grant proceeds for capital expenditures   9     69  
Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash received   (378 )   (196 )
Net cash used in investing activities   (519 )   (361 )
Financing Activities        
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt   1,000      
Proceeds from revolving credit facility borrowings   385     3,286  
Repayment of revolving credit facility borrowings   (385 )   (2,872 )
Debt issuance costs   (13 )    
Dividends paid   (84 )   (72 )
Repurchases of common stock   (84 )   (136 )
Employee taxes on certain share-based payment arrangements   (13 )   (23 )
Net cash provided by financing activities   806     183  
Change in cash and cash equivalents   556     (211 )
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period   75     240  
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period   $ 631     $ 29  
Supplemental Cash Flow Disclosure        
Cash paid for income taxes   $ 23     $ 89  
Cash paid for interest   $ 32     $ 35  
Non-Cash Investing and Financing Activities        
Capital expenditures accrued in accounts payable   $ 5     $ 9  
                 

Exhibit B: Non-GAAP Measures Definitions & Reconciliations

We make reference to "segment operating income," "segment operating margin," "shipbuilding revenue," "shipbuilding operating margin," "Technical Solutions EBITDA margin," "adjusted net earnings," "adjusted diluted earnings per share" and "free cash flow."

We internally manage our operations by reference to segment operating income and segment operating margin, which are not recognized measures under GAAP. When analyzing our operating performance, investors should use segment operating income and segment operating margin in addition to, and not as alternatives for, operating income and operating margin or any other performance measure presented in accordance with GAAP. They are measures that we use to evaluate our core operating performance. We believe that segment operating income, segment operating margin and shipbuilding operating margin reflect an additional way of viewing aspects of our operations that, when viewed with our GAAP results, provide a more complete understanding of factors and trends affecting our business. We believe these measures are used by investors and are a useful indicator to measure our performance. Because not all companies use identical calculations, our presentation of segment operating income and segment operating margin may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.

Adjusted net earnings and adjusted diluted earnings per share are not measures recognized under GAAP. They should be considered supplemental to and not a substitute for financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP. We believe these measures are useful to investors because they exclude items that do not reflect our core operating performance. They may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.

Shipbuilding revenue, shipbuilding operating margin and Technical Solutions EBITDA margin are not measures recognized under GAAP. They should be considered supplemental to and not a substitute for financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP. They may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.

Free cash flow is not a measure recognized under GAAP. Free cash flow has limitations as an analytical tool and should not be considered in isolation from, or as a substitute for, analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. We believe free cash flow is an important measure for our investors because it provides them insight into our current and period-to-period performance and our ability to generate cash from continuing operations. We also use free cash flow as a key operating metric in assessing the performance of our business and as a key performance measure in evaluating management performance and determining incentive compensation. Free cash flow may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.

Segment operating income (loss) is defined as operating income (loss) for the relevant segment(s) before the Operating FAS/CAS Adjustment and non-current state income taxes.

Segment operating margin is defined as segment operating income (loss) as a percentage of sales and service revenues.

Shipbuilding revenue is defined as the combined sales and service revenues from our Newport News Shipbuilding segment and Ingalls Shipbuilding segment.

Shipbuilding operating margin is defined as the combined segment operating margin of our Newport News Shipbuilding segment and Ingalls Shipbuilding segment as a percentage of combined sales and service revenues from our Newport News Shipbuilding segment and Ingalls Shipbuilding segment.

Technical Solutions EBITDA margin is defined as Technical Solutions segment operating income before interest expense, income taxes, depreciation, and amortization as a percentage of revenues.

Adjusted net earnings is defined as net earnings adjusted for the after-tax impact of the FAS/CAS Adjustment.

Adjusted diluted earnings per share is defined as adjusted net earnings divided by the weighted-average diluted common shares outstanding.

Free cash flow is defined as net cash provided by (used in) operating activities less capital expenditures net of related grant proceeds.

FAS/CAS Adjustment is defined as the difference between expenses for pension and other postretirement benefits determined in accordance with GAAP (FAS) and the expenses determined in accordance with U.S. Cost Accounting Standards (CAS).

Operating FAS/CAS Adjustment is defined as the difference between the service cost component of our pension and other postretirement expense determined in accordance with GAAP (FAS) and our pension and other postretirement expense under U.S. Cost Accounting Standards (CAS).

Non-current state income taxes are defined as deferred state income taxes, which reflect the change in deferred state tax assets and liabilities and the tax expense or benefit associated with changes in state uncertain tax positions in the relevant period. These amounts are recorded within operating income. Current period state income tax expense is charged to contract costs and included in cost of sales and service revenues in segment operating income.

We present financial measures adjusted for the Operating FAS/CAS Adjustment and non-current state income taxes to reflect the company’s performance based upon the pension costs and state tax expense charged to our contracts under CAS. We use these adjusted measures as internal measures of operating performance and for performance-based compensation decisions.

Reconciliations of Segment Operating Income and Segment Operating Margin

    Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
    June 30   June 30
($ in millions)   2020   2019   2020   2019
Ingalls revenues   $ 622     $ 622     $ 1,251     $ 1,206  
Newport News revenues   1,122     1,279     2,463     2,558  
Technical Solutions revenues   320     321     637     561  
Intersegment eliminations   (37 )   (34 )   (61 )   (57 )
Sales and Service Revenues   2,027     2,188     4,290     4,268  
                 
Operating Income   57     175     272     336  
Operating FAS/CAS Adjustment   (63 )   (37 )   (126 )   (71 )
Non-current state income taxes   1         5     2  
Segment Operating Income (Loss)   (5 )   138     151     267  
As a percentage of sales and service revenues   (0.2 )%   6.3 %   3.5 %   6.3 %
Ingalls operating income   55     69     123     115  
As a percentage of Ingalls revenues   8.8 %   11.1 %   9.8 %   9.5 %
Newport News operating income (loss)   (69 )   71     26     152  
As a percentage of Newport News revenues   (6.1 )%   5.6 %   1.1 %   5.9 %
Technical Solutions operating income (loss)   9     (2 )   2      
As a percentage of Technical Solutions revenues   2.8 %   (0.6 )%   0.3 %   %
                         

Reconciliation of Adjusted Net Earnings and Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share

    Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
    June 30   June 30
(in millions, except per share amounts)   2020   2019   2020   2019
                 
Net earnings   $ 53     $ 128     $ 225     $ 246  
After-tax FAS/CAS adjustment(1)   (73 )   (31 )   (147 )   (60 )
Adjusted Net Earnings   $ (20 )   $ 97     $ 78     $ 186  
                 
Diluted earnings per share   $ 1.30     $ 3.07     $ 5.54     $ 5.91  
After-tax FAS/CAS adjustment per share(1)   (1.79 )   (0.74 )   (3.62 )   (1.44 )
Adjusted Diluted EPS**   $ (0.49 )   $ 2.33     $ 1.92     $ 4.47  
                 
(1) FAS/CAS Adjustment   $ (93 )   $ (39 )   $ (186 )   $ (76 )
Tax effect*   (20 )   (8 )   (39 )   (16 )
After-tax impact   (73 )   (31 )   $ (147 )   $ (60 )
Weighted-average diluted shares outstanding   40.7     41.7     40.6     41.6  
Per share impact**   $ (1.79 )   $ (0.74 )   $ (3.62 )   $ (1.44 )
                 
*The income tax impact is calculated using the tax rate in effect for the relevant non-GAAP adjustment.
**Amounts may not recalculate exactly due to rounding.
 

Reconciliation of Free Cash Flow

    Three Months Ended   Six Month Ended
    June 30   June 30
(in millions)   2020   2019   2020   2019
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities   $ 201     $ (44 )   $ 269     $ (33 )
Less capital expenditures:                
Capital expenditure additions   (79 )   (124 )   (150 )   (234 )
Grant proceeds for capital expenditures   4     33     9     69  
Free cash flow   $ 126     $ (135 )   $ 128     $ (198 )
                                 

Contact information

Jerri Fuller Dickseski
(Media)
(757) 380-2341
Dwayne Blake
(Investors)
(757) 380-2104
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